Vacate


It may be described as setting aside or annulment of an order or judgment which was found improper by a judge. It can also mean ceasing of occupancy out of the property.

Vagrancy


It refers to the state of living as a homeless or wanderer.

Valuable consideration


It is an indispensible part of a contract, to confer some benefit on to the other party to the contract.

Variance


It can mean the fact or quality of being different, divergent, or inconsistent. It can also mean a difference between what the prosecution has charged with and what it has proved against a criminal defendant.

Vehicular manslaughter


It is a crime that, in general, involves the death of an individual other than the driver as a result of either criminally negligent or murderous operation of a vehicle.

Vendee


It generally means buyer of a real property.

Vendor


It generally means seller of a real property.

Venire


It is described as the list from which jurors may be selected.

Venue


It is the most convenient location prescribed for trial of a case.

Verdict


It is a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest. Or, it can be referred as an outcome of a jury after a trial, which must be accepted by the trial judge to be final.

Verification


It is the process of establishing the truth, accuracy, or validity of something or someone.

Vest


It means grant of absolute right to title or ownership over a property in question, either movable of immovable.

Vested


It refers to having an absolute right or title, when previously the holder of the right or title only had an expectation.

Vested remainder


It is the absolute right to receive title after a presently-existing interest in real property terminates

Vexatious litigation


It is a legal action which is brought, regardless of its merits, solely to harass or subdue an adversary. It may take the form of a primary frivolous lawsuit or may be the repetitive, burdensome, and unwarranted filing of meritless motions in a matter which is otherwise a meritorious cause of action.

Vicarious liability


It means the liability of the principal which has arisen on account of default or negligent act of his agent or servant. Thus, an employer of an employee who injures someone through negligence while in the scope of employment (doing work for the employer) is vicariously liable for damages to the injured person.

Vigilante


It can be someone who takes the law in his own hand by punishing an alleged offender without any legal authority. For example, a mother who shoots the alleged rapist of her daughter is a vigilante.

Void


It refers to a statute, contract or ruling which is null and of no effect. For example, a mutually cancelled contract or a marriage which has been annulled by a courts judgment is void.

Void for vagueness


It refers to a statute defining a crime which is so vague that any prudent or reasonable person cannot determine what elements constitute the crime.

Voidable


It is a type of contract which is capable of being made void on the option of the other party. The term voidable is different from the term void.

Voir dire


It is a term which is used to denote the questioning of prospective jurors by a judge and attorneys in court.

Voluntary bankruptcy


It is a bankruptcy proceeding initiated by a debtor who knows that they will not be able to satisfy the debt requirements of creditors.

Voting trust


It is an arrangement whereby the shares in a company of one or more shareholders and the voting rights attached thereto are legally transferred to a trustee, usually for a specified period of time